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Fruit and vegetable intake as a moderator of the association between depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking

We ask authors to describe their impressions regarding the implications of their accepted work, how their findings will change practice, and what is noteworthy about the work.

Fruit and vegetable intake as a moderator of the association between depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking
Substance Abuse Vol. 37 , Iss. 4,2016

Cigarette smoking prevalence persists as a major clinical and public health problem, especially among persons with a depression history. In this pre-clinical and observational cohort study, we found fruit and vegetable intake to moderate the association between depression and smoking. After controlling for demographic characteristics and general health behavior orientation, there was only an association between depressive symptoms and smoking among respondents with low to moderate levels of fruit and vegetable intake cross-sectionally. When tested longitudinally, persons with elevated depressive symptoms at baseline were only less likely to quit smoking four years later at low levels of FVI. However, there was no association between depressive symptoms and smoking at higher levels of fruit and vegetable intake. We also discuss potential mechanisms of action for our results such as monoamine-oxidase inhibition, a known factor associated with smoking, fruit and vegetable intake, and depression. Future clinical research could elucidate whether or not increased fruit and vegetable intake might serve as an adjunct to smoking cessation among persons with a depression history.

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Our newly released issue is now online —> October-December 2016.
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The Authors’ Own Words: Tobacco outlet density and attitudes towards smoking among urban adolescent smokers

We ask authors to describe their impressions regarding the implications of their accepted work, how their findings will change practice, and what is noteworthy about the work.

Tobacco outlet density and attitudes towards smoking among urban adolescent smokers
Substance Abuse Vol. 37 , Iss. 4,2016

This research shows an association between residential exposure to stores selling tobacco with attitudes towards smoking among youth smokers, and suggests that exposure to ambient tobacco advertising molds a youth’s intention to smoke and their perception of self-efficacy regarding smoking cessation. Youth living in areas of high concentrations of stores selling tobacco may have more difficulty stopping smoking as compared to other youth. Thus, the efficacy of youth smoking interventions may be enhanced by explicitly addressing the contextual influence of pro-tobacco messages found in residential environments.

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Our newly released issue is now online —> October-December 2016.
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The Authors’ Own Words: The association between benzodiazepine prescription and aberrant drug-related behaviors in primary care patients receiving opioids for chronic pain

We ask authors to describe their impressions regarding the implications of their accepted work, how their findings will change practice, and what is noteworthy about the work.

The association between benzodiazepine prescription and aberrant drug-related behaviors in primary care patients receiving opioids for chronic pain
Substance Abuse Vol. 37 , Iss. 4,2016

We found that benzodiazepine prescription was associated with early opioid refills in patients prescribed opioids for pain. An important part of a clinician’s role is to weigh the risks and benefits of a treatment. We feel that this study can help clinicians who treat chronic pain patients with opioids in making that risk-benefit calculation before prescribing a benzodiazepine by providing more information about the potential risks of benzodiazepine use in this population.

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Our newly released issue is now online —> October-December 2016.
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The Authors’ Own Words: Racial differences and the role of neighborhood in the sequencing of marijuana and tobacco initiation among urban youth

We ask authors to describe their impressions regarding the implications of their accepted work, how their findings will change practice, and what is noteworthy about the work.

Racial differences and the role of neighborhood in the sequencing of marijuana and tobacco initiation among urban youth.
Substance Abuse Vol. 37 , Iss. 4,2016

This study highlights an important potential pathway to tobacco use among urban youth, which begins with marijuana use.  Among this urban sample, Black youth and youth with greater exposure to violent victimization were at increased risk of initiating marijuana use before initiating tobacco use.  Prevention and intervention work should recognize the risk of transitioning to tobacco use among marijuana users with particular risk profiles.

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Our newly released issue is now online —> October-December 2016.
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The Authors’ Own Words: Monitoring Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome in buprenorphine-exposed IVF twins: a case study

We ask authors to describe their impressions regarding the implications of their accepted work, how their findings will change practice, and what is noteworthy about the work.

Monitoring neonatal abstinence syndrome in buprenorphine-exposed in vitro fertilization twins: A case study
Laura Brandt, Patrick Swoboda, Gabriele Fischer, and Annemarie Unger
Substance Abuse Vol. 37 , Iss. 4,2016

This is the first case report on neonatal outcomes of IVF-conceived twins exposed to buprenorphine in utero including NAS course and treatment. In the present case (where no concomitant substance use occurred over month prior to delivery), the NAS treatment duration exceeds that reported for buprenorphine-exposed neonates in previous studies. Of note, the total neonatal morphine dose for both twins far exceeds the average reported by other publications. Considering that the staff in the present case was not blinded with regard to maternal medication and dose or the IVF-status, this may have led to concerns for using a more rapid tapering process. In light of the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, a discussion of the presented case, and especially the treatment course in the neonates, with researchers and practitioners in the field but also with patient ombudsmen might have the potential to improve the human rights situation for such patients.

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Our newly released issue is now online —> October-December 2016.
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Seth Godin on What We Deserve

Seth Godin is a hero and mentor of Managing Editor Dan Harding.

Seth is an author, speaker, thought leader, and has been blogging daily insights for over 10 years.

A recent blog post nicely summarized why many of us do what we do with a fresh lens – a lens about what we deserve.

View the post here: http://sethgodin.typepad.com/seths_blog/2016/10/moral-hazard-is-no-excuse-for-our-inhumanity.html

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Our newly released issue is now online —> October-December 2016.
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Surgeon General’s Report On Addiction

Last week the U.S. Surgeon General Vivek H. Murthy addressed the addiction crisis. The method was to release a Surgeon General’s Report and to campaign for its awareness. The Report website can be found at: https://addiction.surgeongeneral.gov/

The Report calls for resolve in the battle against addiction, and of note, treatment of addiction as a disease.

Read more about the Surgeon General’s conclusions here: https://addiction.surgeongeneral.gov/executive-summary/conclusion.

(Also, we recognize the Surgeon General has a pretty cool Instagram account: https://www.instagram.com/u.s.surgeongeneral/ )

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Our newly released issue is now online —> October-December 2016.
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SAj Volume 37, Issue 4 Is Now Online!

We’re delighted to announce that SAj’s Volume 37, Issue 4 is now available online!

We’re proud to include all of these articles, but to highlight a few:

As always, we welcome your comments via email and Twitter.

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Our newly released issue is now online —> October-December 2016.
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AMERSA Conference Annual Awards: Best Manuscript

Each Fall SAj makes an appearance at AMERSA’s annual conference. Among our involvements is the presentation of three annual awards: Best Peer Review, Most Downloaded Manuscript, and Best Manuscript.

For Best Manuscript we seek to recognize a manuscript which clearly articulated research or policies designed to advance the identification and treatment of substance use disorders and/or the training of addiction care providers.

We are delighted to announce that the award for Most Downloaded Manuscript 2016 goes to Miriam Komaromy, MD for 37.1’s manuscript Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes): A New Model for Educating Primary Care Providers About Treatment of Substance Use Disorders.

Congratulations Dr. Komaromy!

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Our newly released issue is now online —> July-September 2016.
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